Jaggery Production in India

Sugar industry in India is one of the largest industry after textiles. Manufacture of sugar involves a series of processing and can be a little complicated as compared to jaggery. Jaggery, on the other hand can be produced in small batches and has simple production. Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Tamil Nadu are the leading manufacturing states in India. Jaggery follows 3 steps:

  • Juice extraction
  • Filtration & Boiling
  • Molding, Cooling & Packing

Sugar and jaggery contain  mainly sucrose, expect jaggery contains traces of mineral salts, iron & fiber. Most of the jaggery comes from remote rural places and reach the market through agents. There is one industrial use of jaggery, and that is in the manufacturing of rum. Karnataka is the only  state which  is set to become the first in the country to produce high quality rum from jaggery. Three cheers for rum drinkers 😉

Most of the processing house follow their set of proportions and heating technique and may differ from one another. The photo log should give you a clear picture of the jaggery production.

Sugar extraction

Extraction of juice from sugar canes. The sugar cane waste is turned into bio-gas

Juice pouring

The extracted juice is pumped into a large cast iron vessel. Limestone or chunnam is used to remove the impurities.

Boiling

As the liquid begins to boil the molasses is separated out. The removed molasses is usually fed to the cattle feed in India.

liquid jaggery 1

Upon boiling the juice condenses into a thick viscous liquid, which is called liquid jaggery

further boiling

Boiling is further continued to a reduced volume to form jaggery. At this stage some processing houses use chemicals to give jaggery the desired colour.

consistency check

Consistency check

pouring

Once done, the liquid is poured into a large vessel from which it is poured into the desired molds.

mold filling

Pouring into molds

Unmoulding

After cooling, jaggery blocks are ready to pack.

Jaggery is available in gold or dark brown shade. Gold jaggery uses some amount of chemical to showcase an attractive colour. A lot of commercial jaggery producers believe that the gold colour is what attracts the consumers.

Note: All pictures belong to this blog. Please consult admin before using it for any purpose. 

You might also like 

Liquid Jaggery Carrot Cake

On a sugar rush! 

Source

https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/other/jaggery-and-sugar.html

http://daily.bhaskar.com/news/BAN-karnataka-to-become-first-state-to-introduce-high-quality-rum-from-jaggery-4309949-NOR.html

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